Super-cell Lightning, Snyder, Nebraska Under a super-cell thunderstorm, a "wall cloud" or "pedestal cloud" may form. This is frequently associated with tornadoes and micro-bursts. Here, a "cloud-to-ground" lightning bolt strikes from a wall cloud.
The Physics of the Plasma Universe by Anthony Peratt describes magma as a plasma, a medium containing moving charges. So we should expect volcanoes not only to exhibit electrical behavior but to have that behavior connected with the larger plasma environm