The Song dynasty would field some of the heaviest armors in all of Chinese history in its struggles against its fierce barbarian neighbors. Both men and the horses would often be very heavily armored and also decorated with elaborate silk scarves, tassels and fringes. The already- elaborate Souzi 琐子, or known in the western academia as"Mountain scale armor" or "Mountain pattern armor" reached its most sophisticated form in this era, as well as the heavier lamellar armor.
An ancient Chinese painted-terracotta tomb guardian; tomb guardians are usually pairs, one being an amalgamation of animals, the other human and animal; this one has a feline face and body, the legs and hooves of a horse and antlers. (The Barakat Gallery)