12th century, probably from Germany - Weissenau Cologny, Fondation Martin Bodmer Cod. Bodmer 127: Passionary of Weissenau; Vitae Sanctorum (Lives of the Saints) fol. 146v - initial F, historiated; St. Felix? performing exorcism? http://www.e-codices.unifr.ch/en/list/one/cb/0127
12th century (1185-1195) Austria - Heiligenkreuz Abbey St Gallen Stiftsbibliothek ? cod. 11 initial (C?) with a female figure http://tethys.imareal.oeaw.ac.at/realonline/ cod. 11 initial (C?) with a female figure http://tethys.imareal.oeaw.ac.at/realonline/ no. 003284
In 869 the kingdom of East Anglia fell to the Great Heathen Army. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle's account of the conflict reveals that the Vikings took up winter quarters at Thetford, where they fought and destroyed the East Anglian army and killed King Edmund.
12th century medieval eye surgery in Italy. It was common in manuscripts to paint the details wich where important big. The cataract-needle was a very fine needle which was used to push the grey lense away from the pupil. This cataract surgery is made the same since the roman period and worked well. Today you use laser, but you do basically the same thing.
12th century (1185-1195) Austria - Heiligenkreuz Stiftsbibliothek. cod. 11: Legendarium austriacum fol. 124v - initial B with St Juliana of Nicodemia. http://tethys.imareal.oeaw.ac.at/realonline/ no. 003278.