Mithras, Persian god of Light. Portion of one of three altars found in a 3rd-4th century AD stone temple near a Roman fort along Hadrian's Wall at Carrawburgh, England. The front is a relief of Mithras rising from Living Rock, holding the Sun God's whip in his right hand, wearing a cloak and a radiate crown. The inscription reads 'To the Invincible God Mithras, Marcus Simplicius Simplex, prefect, willingly and deservedly fulfilled his vow.'
For the Romans, the cult of Sol Invictus or 'Undefeated Sun' was supreme. Roman Emperor Constantine adhered to it so much that even when he embraced Christianity, he changed the day of Sabbath from Friday to SUN-day!
AN EGYPTIAN BRONZE BA-BIRD Roman Period, Circa 2nd Century A.D. The falcon body with a human head and face, the lappets of a nemes-headdress falling on to the chest revealing incised strands of long curly hair, wearing a composite crown framed by cow's horns 4 7/8 in. (12.4 cm) high