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Comparison of galactolipid biosynthetic pathways in cyanobacteria, red algae, and green plants. The mgdE gene encodes the epimerase that catalyzes the conversion of glucolipids (GlcDG) to galactolipids (MGDG). Only cyanobacteria have this gene. In contrast, in red algae and green plants, MGDG is directly synthesized by transfer of galactose to diacylglycerol. © 2014 Naoki Sato. #UTokyoResearch

Oxygenic photosynthesis without galactolipids

Organic chemistry - functional group

Organic Chemistry Functional Groups Cheat Sheet - print this guide for a handy reference to the common groups you will come across during IUPAC naming and advanced reactions

Numbers of olfactory receptor genes in the genomes of 13 mammals. A truncated gene is a sequence that, due to incomplete genome assembly, cannot be determined to be a functional gene or a pseudogene. A phylogenetic tree of the species is also shown. © 2014 Yoshihito Niimura. #UTokyoResearch

Elephants have twice as many olfactory receptor genes as dogs -- Genome comparison reveals mammalian diversity

Optical spectrum of a gamma-ray burst that occurred about 1 billion years after the Big Bang. This time, the amount of neutral hydrogen around this gamma-ray burst was accurately measured by using the “damping wing feature” seen in 8400-8500 A (1 Angstrom = 0.1 nanometer). © Tomonori Totani. #UTokyoResearch

Evidence for neutral hydrogen gas in gamma-ray burst 1 billion years after Big Bang

(Left) Image of a platinous anti-cancer drug encapsulated in a polymeric micelle, (center) extent of cancer in transgenic mice that develop spontaneous pancreatic cancer treated with saline, unencapsulated free drug, and encapsulated drug, and (right) survival rates for mice under each treatment. © Cabral Horacio et al. #UTokyoResearch

Targeted therapy of intractable pancreatic cancer in transgenic mice

An innate immune receptor Dectin-1 recognizes N-glycan structures on cancer cells and activates Natural Killer (NK) cells through transcription factor IRF5. © 2014 Tadatsugu Taniguchi. #UTokyoResearch

An innate immune receptor recognizes N-glycan structures on cancer cells and activates Natural Killer (NK) cells through transcription factor © 2014 Tadatsugu Taniguchi.

Functionally impaired variants of COQ2 were associated with an increased risk of multiple system atrophy in both familial and sporadic patients. © Shoji Tsuji. #UTokyoResearch

Functionally impaired variants of were associated with an increased risk of multiple system atrophy in both familial and sporadic patients.

Geobacter and Thiobacillus coexisting by electron transfer through magnetite. © Soichiro Kato. #UTokyoResearch

Geobacter and Thiobacillus coexisting by electron transfer through magnetite.

Correlation between the rotational velocity around the Galactic center and the stellar surface iron abundance (Fe/H). © Kohei Hattori. #UTokyoResearch #MaVi

Correlation between the rotational velocity around the Galactic center and the stellar surface iron abundance (Fe/H).

Regulation of the cell cycle in the DNA damage response. While mechanisms exist to arrest the cell cycle upon DNA damage, Rad54B instead inactivates the mechanism of cell cycle arrest and promotes cell cycle progression, thereby enhancing survival of the cells carrying genomic instability. The survival of such cells could be the first step of cancer development or malignant transformation of tumours. © 2014 Takaaki Yasuhara. #UTokyoResearch

Discovery of a basic mechanism of cancer development

During this unit we used a “cheat sheet” to help us learn how to name. The image above is an example of one of the cheat sheets that we used

Organic Chemistry Nomenclature- this will be a lifesaver this year, I'm printing this & putting it in my binder.

Image of layered methane hydrate deposits. © Jun Matsushima. #UTokyoResearch

Image of layered methane hydrate deposits.

How the ears work graphic

Deafness breakthrough as scientists create tiny ear hairs from stem cells

© Kanai Y. et al., 2014. Originally published in The Journal of Cell Biology. doi: 10.1083/jcb.201309066. #UTokyoResearch

© Kanai Y., Originally published in The Journal of Cell Biology.

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image0809.jpg (534×419)

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