Andrew Carnegie, 1835-1919. Born in Scotland, emigrated to the United States with his parents in 1848. His first job in the U S was as a factory worker in a bobbin factory. Carnegie gave most of his money to establish libraries, schools, and universities in the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada and other countries, as well as a pension fund for former employees. Earned most of his fortune in the steel industry. His life was a true "rags to riches" story.