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The main training schools for gladiators were in Capua, south of Rome. Some gladiators were volunteers (mostly freedmen or very low classes of freeborn men) who chose to take on the status of a slave for the monetary rewards or the fame and excitement. Anyone who became a gladiator was automatically infamis, beneath the law and by definition not a respectable citizen. A small number of upper-class men competed in the arena but they constituted a special, esoteric form of entertainment

The main training schools for gladiators were in Capua, south of Rome. Some gladiators were volunteers (mostly freedmen or very low classes of freeborn men) who chose to take on the status of a slave for the monetary rewards or the fame and excitement. Anyone who became a gladiator was automatically infamis, beneath the law and by definition not a respectable citizen. A small number of upper-class men competed in the arena but they constituted a special, esoteric form of entertainment

Dibujo del Libro de los Animales (edición siria del s. XIV)

Dibujo del Libro de los Animales (edición siria del s. XIV)

Battle between Gladiators, detail of a gladiator pinning another to the ground, 320 AD (mosaic), Roman, (3rd century AD) / Galleria Borghese, Rome, Italy / Alinari / The Bridgeman Art Library

Battle between Gladiators, detail of a gladiator pinning another to the ground, 320 AD (mosaic), Roman, (3rd century AD) / Galleria Borghese, Rome, Italy / Alinari / The Bridgeman Art Library

Gladiator mosaic floor, 3rd century AD, Römerhalle, Bad Kreuznach, Germany. Gladiators (named after the Roman sword called the gladius) were mostly unfree individuals (condemned criminals, prisoners of war, slaves). All gladiators swore a solemn oath (sacramentum gladiatorium), similar to that sworn by the legionary but much more dire: “I will endure to be burned, to be bound, to be beaten, and to be killed by the sword” (uri, vinciri, verberari, ferroque necari, Petronius Satyricon 117).

Gladiator mosaic floor, 3rd century AD, Römerhalle, Bad Kreuznach, Germany. Gladiators (named after the Roman sword called the gladius) were mostly unfree individuals (condemned criminals, prisoners of war, slaves). All gladiators swore a solemn oath (sacramentum gladiatorium), similar to that sworn by the legionary but much more dire: “I will endure to be burned, to be bound, to be beaten, and to be killed by the sword” (uri, vinciri, verberari, ferroque necari, Petronius Satyricon 117).

Villa Buc Ammera, Libya, Mosaic of the Gladiators. It was the floor of a dinner room (triclinium). It offers important evidence for the way the ancient Romans organized gladiatoral contests in the circus. Mosaic showing fights between animals, which one could see in the circus before the afternoon. also shows the execution of criminals thrown ad bestias, the usual item at noon.

Villa Buc Ammera, Libya, Mosaic of the Gladiators. It was the floor of a dinner room (triclinium). It offers important evidence for the way the ancient Romans organized gladiatoral contests in the circus. Mosaic showing fights between animals, which one could see in the circus before the afternoon. also shows the execution of criminals thrown ad bestias, the usual item at noon.

Battle of gladiators against the wildcats, detail depicting a gladiator running through a wildcat, 320 AD (mosaic), Roman, (4th century AD) / Galleria Borghese, Rome, Italy / Alinari / The Bridgeman Art Library

Battle of gladiators against the wildcats, detail depicting a gladiator running through a wildcat, 320 AD (mosaic), Roman, (4th century AD) / Galleria Borghese, Rome, Italy / Alinari / The Bridgeman Art Library

Battle between Gladiators, detail of a victorious gladiator, 320 AD (mosaic), Roman, (4th century AD) / Galleria Borghese, Rome, Italy / Alinari / The Bridgeman Art Library

Battle between Gladiators, detail of a victorious gladiator, 320 AD (mosaic), Roman, (4th century AD) / Galleria Borghese, Rome, Italy / Alinari / The Bridgeman Art Library

Battle between Gladiators, detail of a gladiator pinning another to the ground, 320 AD (mosaic), Roman, (4th century AD) / Galleria Borghese, Rome, Italy / Alinari / The Bridgeman Art Library

Battle between Gladiators, detail of a gladiator pinning another to the ground, 320 AD (mosaic), Roman, (4th century AD) / Galleria Borghese, Rome, Italy / Alinari / The Bridgeman Art Library

Famous Gladiators of Ancient Rome :http://www.historyoftheancientworld.com/2014/08/famous-gladiators-of-ancient-rome/

Famous Gladiators of Ancient Rome :http://www.historyoftheancientworld.com/2014/08/famous-gladiators-of-ancient-rome/

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