junihitoe is an extremely elegant and highly complex kimono that was only worn by court-ladies in Japan. Literally translated, it means "twelve-layer robe". The older term, still used by scholars but not widely recognised in mainstream Japan, is Karaginu Mo . This is in reference to its Chinese coat (Karaginu) and apron-like train (Mo), the defining parts of the costume.
12 layered kimono for a princess or lady courtier. In the 1920's, D'Oyly Carte costume designer, Charles Ricketts, borrowed this design for his newly designed Katisha. With minor changes to simplify it for stage use, it was used for 30 - 40 years. But this is how it should have looked.
Putting on kara-ginu and mo - Kouchigi: (lit., "small cloak") a shorter brocade robe worn over the uchigi or uwagi to add some formality on occasions when the karaginu and mo were NOT worn. - Karaginu: A waist length Chinese style jacket. - "Mo": An apron-like train, down the back of the robe. White with painted/embroidered adornment.