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Late-Ottoman urban summer street-wear, made in Aleppo or Gaziantep, late 19th c. Exported from there to many urban centers in Anatolia and the Levant. Purchased in Ankara, in 1991. Called 'ferace' or 'bürgü' in Central Anatolia. Made of two large rectangular pieces of fine silk (ca. 110 x 210 cm), sewed together to form a baggy skirt and attached head dress shawl. The silk fabric is locally called 'meydaniye'. (Inv.n° fer003 - Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Late-Ottoman urban summer street-wear, made in Aleppo or Gaziantep, late 19th c. Exported from there to many urban centers in Anatolia and the Levant. Purchased in Ankara, in 1991. Called 'ferace' or 'bürgü' in Central Anatolia. Made of two large rectangular pieces of fine silk (ca. 110 x 210 cm), sewed together to form a baggy skirt and attached head dress shawl. The silk fabric is locally called 'meydaniye'. (Inv.n° fer003 - Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Traditional bridal costume from the Malatya province, Kurdish (Zaza) Alevi ethnic group, 1925-1950.  With an ikat silk ‘deyre’ (an üçetek with front panels decorated on the inside – a garment which is characteristic of Alevi people).  Parts of the jewelry are older (late 19th century).  (Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Traditional bridal costume from the Malatya province, Kurdish (Zaza) Alevi ethnic group, 1925-1950. With an ikat silk ‘deyre’ (an üçetek with front panels decorated on the inside – a garment which is characteristic of Alevi people). Parts of the jewelry are older (late 19th century). (Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Traditional dress costume from the Diyarbakır area.  Rural style, Kurdish, 1980s.  Worn for special free time activities (e.g. going to town for shopping).  Featuring a satin ‘şalvar’ (baggy trousers), a cotton gown, a long-sleeved vest with patch-work decoration, an elaborate headgear and an antique silver necklace with inscribed amulet-stones. (Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Traditional dress costume from the Diyarbakır area. Rural style, Kurdish, 1980s. Worn for special free time activities (e.g. going to town for shopping). Featuring a satin ‘şalvar’ (baggy trousers), a cotton gown, a long-sleeved vest with patch-work decoration, an elaborate headgear and an antique silver necklace with inscribed amulet-stones. (Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Late-Ottoman urban street-wear, worn in Konya, but made in Aleppo or Gaziantep, ca. 1900.  Exported from there to many urban centers in Anatolia and the Levant.  Called 'ferace' or 'bürgü' in Central Anatolia.  Made of two large rectangular pieces of silk (ca. 110 x 210 cm), sewed together to form a baggy skirt and attached head dress shawl. The silk fabric is locally called 'meydaniye'. Purchased in Konya, in 1996. (Inv.n° fer001 - Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Late-Ottoman urban street-wear, worn in Konya, but made in Aleppo or Gaziantep, ca. 1900. Exported from there to many urban centers in Anatolia and the Levant. Called 'ferace' or 'bürgü' in Central Anatolia. Made of two large rectangular pieces of silk (ca. 110 x 210 cm), sewed together to form a baggy skirt and attached head dress shawl. The silk fabric is locally called 'meydaniye'. Purchased in Konya, in 1996. (Inv.n° fer001 - Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

A well-to-do lady outdoors and indoors.  For outdoors (left), she is wrapped in a very large “Bağdad bürgüsü” (‘bürgü’, or ‘ferace’, which is a kind of baggy cloak).  This one is made of silk brocade, with tiny golden stars woven into the fabric.  Late Ottoman, urban, 19th century (left: late 19th century, right: circa 1800).  Both the ‘bürgü’ and the ‘bindallı’ embroidered costume are from Konya.  (Kavak Folklor Ekibi & Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

A well-to-do lady outdoors and indoors. For outdoors (left), she is wrapped in a very large “Bağdad bürgüsü” (‘bürgü’, or ‘ferace’, which is a kind of baggy cloak). This one is made of silk brocade, with tiny golden stars woven into the fabric. Late Ottoman, urban, 19th century (left: late 19th century, right: circa 1800). Both the ‘bürgü’ and the ‘bindallı’ embroidered costume are from Konya. (Kavak Folklor Ekibi & Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Front (+ close-up) of a late-Ottoman urban street-wear, made in Aleppo or Gaziantep, late 19th c.  Exported from there to many urban centers in Anatolia and the Levant.  Purchased in Konya, in 1995.  Called 'ferace' or 'bürk' in Central Anatolia.  Made of two large rectangular pieces of silk (ca. 110 x 210 cm), sewed together to form a baggy skirt and attached head dress shawl. The silk fabric is locally called 'meydaniye'. (Inv.n° fer006 - Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Front (+ close-up) of a late-Ottoman urban street-wear, made in Aleppo or Gaziantep, late 19th c. Exported from there to many urban centers in Anatolia and the Levant. Purchased in Konya, in 1995. Called 'ferace' or 'bürk' in Central Anatolia. Made of two large rectangular pieces of silk (ca. 110 x 210 cm), sewed together to form a baggy skirt and attached head dress shawl. The silk fabric is locally called 'meydaniye'. (Inv.n° fer006 - Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

A traditional festive costume of the Üsküdarlı Tahtacı, from the Bergama region.  Clothing style: ca. 1970. The Tahtacı are Alevi Türkmen. This costume is similar to those of nearby Kozan Yaylası, but it is simpler, and with beadwork ornaments instead of silver jewelry. (Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

A traditional festive costume of the Üsküdarlı Tahtacı, from the Bergama region. Clothing style: ca. 1970. The Tahtacı are Alevi Türkmen. This costume is similar to those of nearby Kozan Yaylası, but it is simpler, and with beadwork ornaments instead of silver jewelry. (Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Front (+ close-up) of a late-Ottoman urban street-wear, made in Aleppo or Gaziantep, late 19th c.  Exported from there to many urban centers in Anatolia and the Levant.  Purchased in Konya, in 1996.  Called 'ferace' or 'bürgü' in Central Anatolia.  Made of two large rectangular pieces of silk (ca. 110 x 210 cm), sewed together to form a baggy skirt and attached head dress shawl. The silk fabric is locally called 'meydaniye'. (Inv.n° fer002 - Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Front (+ close-up) of a late-Ottoman urban street-wear, made in Aleppo or Gaziantep, late 19th c. Exported from there to many urban centers in Anatolia and the Levant. Purchased in Konya, in 1996. Called 'ferace' or 'bürgü' in Central Anatolia. Made of two large rectangular pieces of silk (ca. 110 x 210 cm), sewed together to form a baggy skirt and attached head dress shawl. The silk fabric is locally called 'meydaniye'. (Inv.n° fer002 - Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

A two-piece Islamic street-wear.  From Central Anatolia, late-Ottoman, ca. 1900-1925.  Consisting of two very large (mixt cotton & silk) 'peştemal', one worn as wrapper around the waist, and the other as outdoors headscarf.  (Inv.n° str002 - Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

A two-piece Islamic street-wear. From Central Anatolia, late-Ottoman, ca. 1900-1925. Consisting of two very large (mixt cotton & silk) 'peştemal', one worn as wrapper around the waist, and the other as outdoors headscarf. (Inv.n° str002 - Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Traditional costume of a newly wed girl.  From the Adiyaman region, Kurdish Zaza ethnic group, ca. mid-20th century.  Worn for some time on a daily base (sometimes for up to six weeks), in order to facilitate the integration of the young woman into her new environment (since she left her own folks and joined the family of her husband, often in another village).  (Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

Traditional costume of a newly wed girl. From the Adiyaman region, Kurdish Zaza ethnic group, ca. mid-20th century. Worn for some time on a daily base (sometimes for up to six weeks), in order to facilitate the integration of the young woman into her new environment (since she left her own folks and joined the family of her husband, often in another village). (Kavak Costume Collection - Antwerpen/Belgium).

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