Heart Failure: Systolic vs. Diastolic Dysfunction — Medcomic
Heart failure is defined as the inability of the heart to provide sufficient output to meet the metabolic demands of the body.
Aortic Stenosis — Medcomic
Causes of aortic stenosis (AS) include degenerative sclerosis with calcification of a trileaflet aortic valve, calcification of a congenital aortic bicuspid valve, or rheumatic fever.
Typical Community Acquired Pneumonia — Medcomic
Community acquired pneumonia (CAP) is an acute infection of the lung parenchyma acquired outside of the hospital or less than 48 hours after hospital admission.
The Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal Axis — Medcomic
The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis is a major neuroendocrine system that involves the hypothalamus, pituitary gland, and the adrenal glands.
Functional Classification of Heart Failure — Medcomic
The New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional classification is based on the amount of activity needed to elicit symptoms from the patient.
Heart Sounds — Medcomic
The first heart sound (S1) represents mitral and tricuspid valve closure as the ventricular pressure exceeds atrial pressure at the beginning of systole.
Rhabdomyolysis — Medcomic
Rhabdomyolysis is the breakdown of muscle tissue with release of intracellular contents such as myoglobin into the bloodstream.
Heart Failure: Pathophysiology — Medcomic
Heart failure (HF) is defined as the inability of the heart to provide sufficient output to meet the metabolic demands of the body.
Renal Tubular Acidosis — Medcomic
Renal tubular acidosis (RTA) refers to a group of disorders affecting the renal tubules characterized by an impaired ability to acidify the urine and excrete acid.