American Gardens: historic and multi-cultural?

What is an American garden? What are the influences on American garden design, plant preferences and horticultural practices? What do gardens reveal about culture?
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ENGLISH COTTAGE GARDEN TRADITION

Backyard Inspiration - Ideas for Garden Lovers! I love the pebbled steps! They can curve around and lead you to a secretive place around the home or maybe a small nod around your yard to another bird bath, bird feeder or a beautiful spray of flowers

IMITATION JAPANESE TRADITION  These gardens in America primarily reference three Japanese garden design typologies: Shinden (strolling gardens), Tea House (viewing gardens), and kare-san-sui (Zen gardens). Japanese garden aesthetics have roots in Chinese prototypes and design principles; however, forms evolved in different ways, due in part to the influence of Zen Buddhism and Japan’s animistic Shinto heritage. Learn more at http://tclf.org/content/japanese

IMITATION JAPANESE TRADITION These gardens in America primarily reference three Japanese garden design typologies: Shinden (strolling gardens), Tea House (viewing gardens), and kare-san-sui (Zen gardens). Japanese garden aesthetics have roots in Chinese prototypes and design principles; however, forms evolved in different ways, due in part to the influence of Zen Buddhism and Japan’s animistic Shinto heritage. Learn more at http://tclf.org/content/japanese

ENGLISH COTTAGE GARDEN TRADITION Beatrix Farrand Heaths and heathers in terrace garden at Garland Farm, Bar Harbor, Maine. Photograph by American Landscape Architect Patrick Chasse.

New Life for Farrand's Last Garden / Garland Farm, Bar Harbor, Maine - Library of American Landscape History

CHINESE GARDEN TRADITION Beatrix Farrand (1871 - 1959) American Landscape Gardener and Landscape Architect Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Garden, Mount Desert Maine

Beatrix Farrand - American Landscape Gardener and Landscape Architect Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Garden, Mount Desert Maine

MEDITERRANEAN TRADITION This variant of the Beaux Arts Neoclassical style was popular in the American Country Place Era. Made possible by a fecund Mediterranean-like climate, these designs- often defined by orthogonal geometry and axial design elements- benefited from an internationally diverse plant palette and employed Beaux Arts/Neoclassical plans, forms, and elements from Italian Renaissance/Baroque and Islamic-era Spanish and Mediterranean prototypes…

MEDITERRANEAN TRADITION This variant of the Beaux Arts Neoclassical style was popular in the American Country Place Era. Made possible by a fecund Mediterranean-like climate, these designs- often defined by orthogonal geometry and axial design elements- benefited from an internationally diverse plant palette and employed Beaux Arts/Neoclassical plans, forms, and elements from Italian Renaissance/Baroque and Islamic-era Spanish and Mediterranean prototypes…

CLASSICAL FRENCH TRADITION The work of American Landscape Architect Dan Kiley in the spirit of French designer and gardener to King Louis XIV, often based on grids and allees that could be manipulated to alter the perception of scale and distance.

The Landscape Architecture Legacy of Dan Kiley showcases a selection of newly commissioned photographs of projects by Dan Kiley, one of the most important and influential Modernist landscape architects of the century.

Dumbarton Oaks | The Cultural Landscape Foundation

Dumbarton Oaks | The Cultural Landscape Foundation

ROMANTIC NATURE TRADITION in painting by the garden artist  W. Gary Smith, From Art to Landscape, Timber Press 2010 American garden designer specializing in arboreta, botanical and estate garden restoration demonstrates the value of observation and collaboration.  His drawings and paintings form the basis of the design work.  The gardens and ornament explore local ecological and cultural themes.

ROMANTIC NATURE TRADITION in painting by the garden artist W. Gary Smith, From Art to Landscape, Timber Press 2010 American garden designer specializing in arboreta, botanical and estate garden restoration demonstrates the value of observation and collaboration. His drawings and paintings form the basis of the design work. The gardens and ornament explore local ecological and cultural themes.

ROMANTIC NATURE TRADITION W. Gary Smith, American garden designer

Southern Highlands Reserve Master Plan & Garden Design - W.

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