Hakama 袴 were traditionally worn only by men, but today they are worn by both sexes. Hakama are tied at the waist and fall approximately to the ankles and worn over a kimono. While hakama used to be a required part of men's wear, nowadays Japanese men usually wear hakama only on extremely formal occasions and religious service. Hakama traditionally formed part of a complete outfit called a kamishimo (上下 or 裃). Worn by samurai and courtiers during the Edo period.